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Broughton Junior School



Science 20/4/2020: Enquiry Type - Pattern Seeking



 Is there a link between the length of your outstretched arms and your height?   


Take measurements of the people in your house to try and answer the question above. You might measure in centimeters or in the number of pencils long. Once you have measured someone’s outstretched arms and their height compare the measurements. 

How about other body parts eg. Foot length and height, Foot and forearm, Hand and

Leg length etc.

Question, predict, observe, record, analyse, report 



Create a poster that explains what you found out. Can you include in your poster: your equipment, what was easy and hard to carry out, your result.  

Write a report of your investigation showing your question, hypothesis, method, results.

When analysing your results, was your hypothesis correct? How could you have improved the investigation? What other investigations could you carry out?



About this type of Scientific Enquiry

Draw a graph to show your results


One of the main types of enquiry that scientists carry out is Pattern Seeking.  This is when scientists make

observations and measurements and then try to see if there are any patterns or ways to link what they observe. 

Astronomers use pattern seeking to discover new planets and celestial objects. 

Sport scientists use pattern seeking to help improve athletes' performance. 


Home learning Task- Word document copy

Home Learning


How about combining English with Science?

Can you write a terrific scientific poem? Then enter the IF Oxford 2020 Poetry of Science Competition for a chance to win some fantastic prizes!


The competition is open to any child in the UK aged 16 or under and will be judged in three age categories:

  • School Year 2 and below (i.e. Key stage 1)
  • School Years 3 – 6 (i.e. Key Stage 2)
  • School Years 7 – 11 (i.e. Key Stages 3 and 4)

Entries can be made through your school, or individually, with your parent / guardian’s consent. Please make sure your entry form has e-mail contact details for either your teacher or parent / guardian.

The closing date for entries is Thursday 30 April 2020.


See the website for further details. Feel free to send your applications to my school email address to apply or click on the website and apply direct yourselves. Best of luck!


Previous winners to get the ideas flowing...




Why do we study Science?


Scientific knowledge and conceptual understanding: A high-quality science education provides the foundations for understanding the world through the specific disciplines of biology, chemistry and physics. All of our children are taught essential aspects of the knowledge, methods, processes and uses of science.  Through building up a body of key foundational knowledge and concepts, pupils are encouraged to recognise the power of rational explanation and develop a sense of excitement and curiosity about natural phenomena.  Pupils are also encouraged to understand how science can be used to explain what is occurring, predict how things will behave, and analyse the causes. 


What are our aims?


At Broughton Junior School, we aim to develop our children’s ability to:

  • Extend their scientific knowledge and conceptual understanding through the specific disciplines of biology, chemistry and physics. 
  • Increase their understanding of the nature, processes and methods of science through different types of science enquiries.  These will enable pupils to answer scientific questions about the world around them, and equip them with the scientific knowledge required to understand the uses and implications of science, today and for the future. 
  • Be able to describe associated processes and key characteristics in common language, but they should also be familiar with, and use, technical terminology accurately and precisely.
  • Apply their mathematical knowledge to their understanding of science, including collecting, presenting and analysing data.


Long Term plan


Year 3

Plants – life cycle of flowers, how water is transported in plants 

Animals, including humans – digestive system, teeth, food chains 

Rocks – fossils and soil 

Light – reflection and shadows 

Forces and magnets 


Year 4 


All living things – classification keys, human impact on environments 

Animals, including humans – nutrition, skeletons and muscles  

States of matter – solid, liquids, gases, evaporation and condensation 

Sound – vibration, pitch and volume 

Electricity – common appliances, simple circuits, series, switches, conductors and insulators.


Year 5


All living things – life cycles and reproduction 

Animals, including humans – human development from birth to old age 

Properties and changes of materials – hardness, solubility, transparency, conductivity, response to magnets  Earth and Space – the solar system 

Forces – gravity, air resistance, water resistance and friction, force and motion 


Year 6 


All living things – classification, characteristics and why we classify plants and animals 

Animals, including humans – circulatory system, diet, exercise and lifestyle 

Evolution and inheritance 

Light – how light behaves 

Electricity – voltage, simple circuits diagrams