Home Page

Broughton Junior School


Why do we study Science?


Scientific knowledge and conceptual understanding: A high-quality science education provides the foundations for understanding the world through the specific disciplines of biology, chemistry and physics. All of our children are taught essential aspects of the knowledge, methods, processes and uses of science.  Through building up a body of key foundational knowledge and concepts, pupils are encouraged to recognise the power of rational explanation and develop a sense of excitement and curiosity about natural phenomena.  Pupils are also encouraged to understand how science can be used to explain what is occurring, predict how things will behave, and analyse the causes. 


What are our aims?


At Broughton Junior School, we aim to develop our children’s ability to:

  • Extend their scientific knowledge and conceptual understanding through the specific disciplines of biology, chemistry and physics. 
  • Increase their understanding of the nature, processes and methods of science through different types of science enquiries.  These will enable pupils to answer scientific questions about the world around them, and equip them with the scientific knowledge required to understand the uses and implications of science, today and for the future. 
  • Be able to describe associated processes and key characteristics in common language, but they should also be familiar with, and use, technical terminology accurately and precisely.
  • Apply their mathematical knowledge to their understanding of science, including collecting, presenting and analysing data.


Long Term plan


Year 3

Plants – life cycle of flowers, how water is transported in plants 

Animals, including humans – digestive system, teeth, food chains 

Rocks – fossils and soil 

Light – reflection and shadows 

Forces and magnets 


Year 4 


All living things – classification keys, human impact on environments 

Animals, including humans – nutrition, skeletons and muscles  

States of matter – solid, liquids, gases, evaporation and condensation 

Sound – vibration, pitch and volume 

Electricity – common appliances, simple circuits, series, switches, conductors and insulators.


Year 5


All living things – life cycles and reproduction 

Animals, including humans – human development from birth to old age 

Properties and changes of materials – hardness, solubility, transparency, conductivity, response to magnets  Earth and Space – the solar system 

Forces – gravity, air resistance, water resistance and friction, force and motion 


Year 6 


All living things – classification, characteristics and why we classify plants and animals 

Animals, including humans – circulatory system, diet, exercise and lifestyle 

Evolution and inheritance 

Light – how light behaves 

Electricity – voltage, simple circuits diagrams